期末来临~小学英语必考重点知识点汇总

时间:2019-06-28 16:16:47 来源: 阅读:(

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摘要:期末来临~小编整理了小学英语必考重点知识点汇总,涉及时态、词的用法等40个小的知识点,分享如下,希望对同学们的复习有帮助!

​  期末考试临近,孩子们烦人功课复习的怎么样了呢?今天小编梳理了小学英语知识点,给大家整合出几十个必考点,分享如下,希望对大家有帮助!

​  1. 现在进行时

  表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用。

  结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.

  如:It is raining now.

  外面正在下雨。

  It is six o’clock now.

  现在6点了。

  My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.我父母正在客厅看报纸。

  Look! The children are having a running race now.看!孩子们正在赛跑。

  问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.

  2. 一般现在时

  表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) 等词连用。

  结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

  如:We have an English lesson every day.我们每天都要上英语课。

  Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

  男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的。

  问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。

  3. 一般过去时

  表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。

  结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。

  如:My earphones were on the ground just now.我的耳机刚刚还在呢。

  Where were you last week? I was at a camp.你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了。

  What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm.

  你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。

  问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。

  4. 一般将来时

  表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。

  结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原。

  如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。

  The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.

  孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。

  Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。

  问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

  5. 情态动词

  情态动词can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原形。

  如:The girl can’t swim, but he can skate.女孩不会游泳,但是会滑冰。

  Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.不要在课上说话,你应该认真听老师讲。

  6. 祈使句

  肯定祈使句以动词原形开头;否定祈使句以don’t加动词原形开头。

  如:Open the box for me ,please.请为我打开盒子。

  Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.刘涛,明天请早点起床!

  Don’t walk on the grass!不要在草地上走!

  Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.海伦!不要爬树。

  7. go的用法

  去干嘛用go +动词ing

  如: go swimming; go fishing;go skating;go camping;go running;go skiing;go rowing…

  8.比较问题

  than 前用比较级;as…as之间用原级。

  如:My mother is two years younger than my father.我妈比我爸年轻两岁。

  Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.刘涛跳得和本一样远。

  9. 喜欢做某事

  用like +动词ing或like+ to + 动原。

  如:Su Yang likes growing flowers.苏阳喜欢种花。

  The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.孩子们喜欢在春节去玩花灯。

  10. 想要做某事

  用 would like +to+动原或want + to +动原。

  例:I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum

  我想去参观历史博物馆。

  11. some用法

  some用于肯定句中,在否定句和问句中改为any,但当表示委婉语气时仍用some.

  如:Can I have some writing paper?

  我可以拿一些书写纸吗?

  Would you like some orange juice?

  你想来一些橙汁吗?

  12.代词

  人称代词主格做主语用一般放在句首或动词前,主格分别是 I you he she it we you they。宾格做宾语用,一般放在动词或介词后。

  如:Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。

  宾格分别是me you him her it us you them。

  形容词性物主代词放在名词前,不能单独使用,分别是my your his her its our your their;

  名词性物主代词相当于形物加名词,它只能单独使用后面不好加名词,分别是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs。

  13. 介词

  介词后要么不加动词,加动词只能加动词ing形式

  如:be good at running;do well in jumping;

  14. 时间介词

  季节前,月份前用介词in;

  如:in summer;in March

  具体的哪一天如星期几,几月几日用介词on;

  如:on Saturday; on the second of April; on Wednesday morning

  在几点钟前用介词at;

  如:at a quarter to four;

  只在上下午晚上用in;

  如:in the morning/ afternoon/ evening;但在夜间用at night。另:季节,月份和星期前不好加the.

  15. 名词复数构成的方法

  规则的有:

  (1)直接在名词后加s

  如orange—oranges; photo—photos;

  (2) 以x, s, sh, ch结尾的加es

  如:box—boxes; glass—glasses; waitress—waitresses; watch—watches;peach--peaches

  (3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

  如:study—studies;library—libraries; hobby—hobbies; family—families;

  (4)以f, fe结尾的改f, fe 为v+es

  如:knife—knives; thief—thieves(注:以o结尾的我们学过的只有mango加es, mango—mangoes其余加s,)

  不规则的有:

  man—men; woman—women; people—people; child—children

  16. 动词第三人称单数的构成

  (1)直接在动词后加s

  如:run—runs; dance—dances

  (2)以s,sh,ch,o结尾的加es

  如:do—does;go—goes;

  wash—washes;catch—catches

  (3)以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

  如:study—studies; carry—carries;

  17. 现在分词的构成

  (1)直接在动词后加ing

  如:sing—singing; ski—skiing;

  (2)双写词尾加ing

  如:swim—swimming; jog—jogging;run—running;

  (3)以不发音的e结尾的去e加ing

  如:ride—riding; dance—dancing; make—making;

  18. 动词过去式的构成

  规则的有:

  (1)直接在动词后加ed

  如:clean—cleaned; milk—milked; play—played;

  (2)以e结尾的直接加d

  如:dance—danced; taste—tasted;

  (3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加ed

  如:study—studied;carry—carried;

  (4)双写词尾加ed

  如:stop—stopped; jog—jogged;

  不规则的有:

  am,is—was; are—were; do,does—did; have,has—had; go—went; meet—met; sit—sat; see—saw; get—got; tell—told; run—ran; come—came; steal—stole; read—read;

  19.形容词副词比较级的构成

  规则的有:

  (1)直接在形容词或副词后加er

  如;small—smaller; low—lower;

  (2)以e结尾的加r

  如:late—larer;

  (3)双写词尾加er

  如:big—bigger; thin—thinner; fat—fatter;

  (4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加er

  如:heavy—heavier; early—earlier;

  不规则的有:

  good, well—better(最高级为best); many, much— more(最高级为most); far—farther或further(最高级farthest或furthest);

  20.rain与snow的用法

  (1)作为名词意思是雨水和雪是不可数名词

  如:There is a lot of rain there in spring. 那儿的春天有很多雨水。

  (2) 作为动词意思是下雨和下雪,有四种形式分别是:

  动词原形rain;snow;

  第三人称单数rains ;snows;

  现在分词raining; snowing;

  过去式rained;snowed;

  如:①Look! It is raining now. 瞧!天正在下雨。

  ②It often rains in Nantong in summer.南通夏天经常下雨。

  ③ It rained yesterday.昨天下了雨。

  ④It is going to rain tomorrow. 明天要下雨。

  (3)形容词为rainy 和snowy 意思是有雨的和有雪的

  如:It is often rainy here in spring.这儿的春天经常是有雨的。

  If it is rainy tomorrow, I’ll stay at home.如果明天是有雨的,我将呆在家里。

  以上20个小学英语重点知识点,点击可【下载】查看更多。如果孩子掌握不扎实的话,建议这几天突击复习一下。更多小学英语知识点相关学习内容,家长们可关注北京文都中小学小升初网,我们会定期为大家分享~

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